Arcos Dorados Reports Second Quarter 2016 Financial Results

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay–(hospitalitybusinessnews.com)–Arcos Dorados Holdings, Inc., Latin America’s largest restaurant chain and the world’s largest McDonald’s franchisee, today reported unaudited results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2016.

Second Quarter 2016 Key Results

  • As reported consolidated revenues were $687.3 million, a 9.4% decline versus the second quarter of 2015. On a constant currency basis1, consolidated revenues grew 10.1%, or 7.9% excluding Venezuela.
  • Systemwide comparable sales increased by 9.5% year-over-year.
  • Adjusted EBITDA was $40.8 million, or 0.6% lower year-over-year. Constant currency Adjusted EBITDA increased by 34.7%, or 14.2% excluding Venezuela, versus the prior year quarter.
  • Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA margin expanded by about 50 basis points, or about 40 basis points excluding Venezuela.
  • As reported General and Administrative expenses (G&A) decreased by $14.5 million, or 21.4% year-over-year, and decreased by 5.8% on a constant currency basis.
  • As reported net income was $43.4 million, compared to net income of $7.0 million in the same period last year, positively impacted by the Company’s asset monetization initiative.

“We continue to see strong results from the execution of our three-year strategic plan. Having streamlined our fixed cost structure, we achieved a further reduction in General and Administrative expenses in the quarter, which drove consolidated EBITDA margin expansion despite deteriorating consumer fundamentals in key regions. We also brought our Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio back within our targeted range, supported by the proceeds of our asset monetization initiative. While we expect a more difficult economic and consumer backdrop in Brazil and Argentina will limit topline performance throughout 2016, we are optimistic that consumption will pick up as we enter 2017. In the interim, we have maintained market share, and our more efficient organizational structure will enable greater leverage as consumer spending improves,” said Sergio Alonso, Chief Executive Officer of Arcos Dorados.

Second Quarter 2016 Results

Consolidated

Figure 1. AD Holdings Inc Consolidated: Key Financial Results

(In millions of U.S. dollars, except as noted)

2Q15

(a)

Currency

Translation

(b)

Constant

Currency

Growth

(c)

2Q16

(a+b+c)

% As

Reported

% Constant

Currency

Total Restaurants (Units) 2,120 2,135 0.7 %
Sales by Company-operated Restaurants 728.7 (141.8 ) 72.2 659.1 -9.6 % 9.9 %
Revenues from franchised restaurants 30.3 (6.3 ) 4.2 28.2 -6.8 % 13.9 %
Total Revenues 759.0 (148.1 ) 76.4 687.3 -9.4 % 10.1 %
Systemwide Comparable Sales 9.5 %
Adjusted EBITDA 41.1 (14.5 ) 14.3 40.8 -0.6 % 34.7 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin 5.4 % 5.9 %
Net income (loss) attributable to AD 7.0 (19.6 ) 56.1 43.4 522.8 % 803.9 %
No. of shares outstanding (thousands) 210,447 210,625
EPS (US$/Share) 0.03 0.21

(2Q16 = 2Q15 + Currency Translation + Constant Currency Growth). Refer to “Definitions” section for further detail.

The 9.4% decline in Arcos Dorados’ second quarter as reported revenues resulted from the depreciation of local currencies, mainly in Argentina and Brazil and to a lesser extent, Venezuela. Constant currency revenue growth of 10.1% was driven by a 9.5% expansion in systemwide comparable sales, due to average check growth, partially offset by a decline in traffic.

Second quarter consolidated as reported Adjusted EBITDA decreased 0.6% as constant currency growth was more than offset by the currency translation impact, mainly in Argentina, Venezuela and Brazil. While Adjusted EBITDA expanded in NOLAD and the Caribbean division during the quarter, Brazil and SLAD’s results declined due to margin contraction and the year-over-year depreciation of the Brazilian real and Argentine peso, respectively. Additionally, the Corporate segment contributed positively to the consolidated Adjusted EBITDA during the quarter.

The Adjusted EBITDA margin expanded by about 50 basis points to 5.9%, supported by a positive contribution from the Corporate segment as well as margin expansion in the Caribbean division and NOLAD, partially offset by margin contraction in Brazil and SLAD. The key drivers for margin expansion were efficiencies in G&A expenses and Payroll, which more than offset higher Food and Paper (F&P) costs and Occupancy and Other Operating expenses as a percentage of revenues. Additionally, the Adjusted EBITDA benefited from refranchising, as part of the Company’s asset monetization initiative.

As reported, consolidated G&A decreased by 100 basis points as a percentage of revenues. Importantly, G&A decreased by 5.8% year-over-year on a constant currency basis. This reflects efficiencies related to the reorganization plan implemented in the fourth quarter of 2015, as well as certain non-recurring expenses incurred in the prior year quarter. Combined, these factors more than offset inflation-driven growth in Argentine peso denominated corporate expenses.

Consolidated – excluding Venezuela

Figure 2. AD Holdings Inc Consolidated – Excluding Venezuela: Key Financial Results

(In millions of U.S. dollars, except as noted)

2Q15

(a)

Currency

Translation

(b)

Constant

Currency

Growth

(c)

2Q16

(a+b+c)

% As

Reported

% Constant

Currency

Total Restaurants (Units) 1,986 2,002 0.8 %
Sales by Company-operated Restaurants 723.6 (130.8 ) 57.3 650.1 -10.2 % 7.9 %
Revenues from franchised restaurants 29.7 (5.1 ) 2.6 27.2 -8.4 % 8.7 %
Total Revenues 753.4 (135.9 ) 59.9 677.3 -10.1 % 7.9 %
Systemwide Comparable Sales 6.8 %
Adjusted EBITDA 45.1 (8.1 ) 6.4 43.4 -3.7 % 14.2 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin 6.0 % 6.4 %
Net income (loss) attributable to AD 13.7 (10.1 ) 47.2 50.8 272.0 % 346.0 %
No. of shares outstanding (thousands) 210,447 210,625
EPS (US$/Share) 0.06 0.24

Excluding the Company’s Venezuelan operation, as reported revenues declined by 10.1% year-over-year. The decrease primarily reflects the depreciation of the Argentine peso and the Brazilian real, as well as other currencies in the Company’s territory. On a constant currency basis, revenues increased 7.9% in the second quarter. Systemwide comparable sales increased 6.8%, driven by average check growth, partially offset by a decline in traffic.

Adjusted EBITDA decreased 3.7% on an as reported basis, as currency translation impacts more than offset constant currency growth. In constant currency terms, Adjusted EBITDA increased 14.2%. The Adjusted EBITDA margin expanded by about 40 basis points to 6.4%. The result reflects efficiencies in G&A expenses and Payroll costs, partially offset by higher F&P costs and higher Occupancy and Other Operating expenses as a percentage of revenues. Additionally, the Adjusted EBITDA excluding Venezuela also benefited from refranchising, as part of the Company’s asset monetization initiative.

Non-operating Results

Non-operating results for the second quarter reflected a $15.5 million foreign currency exchange gain, versus a gain of $3.7 million last year. The result was due to a significantly higher appreciation of the Brazilian real during the 2016 second quarter versus the same period in 2015, combined with an increased net exposure to the Brazilian real. Net interest expense increased $3.9 million year-over-year to $20.8 million in the quarter, mainly due to interest expenses on the loan agreement signed in March 2016, which more than offset lower interest expenses on the 2016 notes.

The Company reported an income tax expense of $14.4 million in the quarter, compared to an income tax benefit of $6.5 million in the prior year period.

Second quarter net income attributable to the Company totaled $43.4 million, compared to net income of $7.0 million in the same period of 2015. The improvement reflects stronger operating results coupled with the positive variance in FX results, partially offset by higher net interest and income tax expenses. The second quarter 2016 operating result included the recognition of $50.1 million related to the Company’s asset monetization initiative, which was recorded within the line “Other operating income (expense), net” on the Company’s income statement.

The Company reported earnings per share of $0.21 in the second quarter of 2016, compared to earnings per share of $0.03 in the previous corresponding period. Total weighted average shares for the second quarter of 2016 were 210,625,444, as compared to 210,447,373 in the second quarter of 2015, reflecting the issuance of shares as a result of the partial vesting of restricted share units.

Analysis by Division2:

Brazil Division

Figure 3. Brazil Division: Key Financial Results

(In millions of U.S. dollars, except as noted)

2Q15

(a)

Currency

Translation

(b)

Constant

Currency

Growth

(c)

2Q16

(a+b+c)

% As

Reported

% Constant

Currency

Total Restaurants (Units) 871 884 1.5 %
Total Revenues 350.8 (43.6 ) 2.1 309.4 -11.8 % 0.6 %
Systemwide Comparable Sales 0.2 %
Adjusted EBITDA 39.2 (4.4 ) (4.3 ) 30.5 -22.2 % -11.0 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin 11.2 % 9.9 %

Brazil’s as reported revenues decreased by 11.8%, as the 14% year-over-year average depreciation of the Brazilian real more than offset 0.2% comparable sales growth and the contribution of new restaurant openings. Excluding the depreciation of the Brazilian real, constant currency revenues increased 0.6% year-over-year. Systemwide comparable sales were approximately flat with an increase in average check offset by a decline in traffic. The second quarter faced headwinds from the prevailing soft consumer environment and a tough traffic comparison with the Monopoly promotion in the prior year quarter.

Marketing activities in the quarter included the launch of “Almoço Completo” in the affordability platform, strong promotional activities, and the Grand Big Mac campaign. Other initiatives included the Angry Birds in the Happy Meal, the continuation of the ClubHouse burger and the launch of the Mushroom Dijon burger, both from the McDonald’s Signature line.

As reported Adjusted EBITDA declined by 22.2% year-over-year and 11.0% on a constant currency basis. The Adjusted EBITDA margin contracted by about 130 basis points to 9.9%, as higher F&P costs and Occupancy and Other Operating expenses more than offset efficiencies in Payroll and a positive variance in Other Operating Income as a percentage of revenues, which was positively impacted by our re-franchising strategy in the country. Increased F&P costs reflect the higher FX rate at which the Company hedged its exposure to imported goods, as well as raw material cost pressures.

NOLAD

Figure 4. NOLAD Division: Key Financial Results

(In millions of U.S. dollars, except as noted)

2Q15

(a)

Currency

Translation

(b)

Constant

Currency

Growth

(c)

2Q16

(a+b+c)

% As

Reported

% Constant

Currency

Total Restaurants (Units) 511 516 1.0 %
Total Revenues 91.2 (7.4 ) 4.3 88.2 -3.3 % 4.7 %
Systemwide Comparable Sales 0.6 %
Adjusted EBITDA 7.2 (0.1 ) 0.7 7.8 9.1 % 10.3 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin 7.9 % 8.9 %

NOLAD’s as reported revenues decreased by 3.3% year-over-year, mainly due to the 18% year-over-year average depreciation of the Mexican peso. On a constant currency basis, however, revenues increased 4.7% year-over-year. Systemwide comparable sales increased 0.6%, driven by average check growth, offset by a modest decline in traffic.

Marketing initiatives in the quarter included the continuation of the ClubHouse burger, the launch of the Angry Birds campaign, the re-hit of the Angus line with the launch of the BBQ Bourbon burger, as well as the McNífica campaign in the core segment.

As reported Adjusted EBITDA increased by 9.1%, or 10.3% on a constant currency basis, demonstrating another quarter of strong performance and margin expansion. The Adjusted EBITDA margin expanded by around 100 basis points to 8.9% in the second quarter, mainly driven by efficiencies in G&A expenses as a percentage of revenues.

SLAD

Figure 5. SLAD Division: Key Financial Results

(In millions of U.S. dollars, except as noted)

2Q15

(a)

Currency

Translation

(b)

Constant

Currency

Growth

(c)

2Q16

(a+b+c)

% As

Reported

% Constant

Currency

Total Restaurants (Units) 383 382 -0.3 %
Total Revenues 220.8 (80.3 ) 50.5 191.0 -13.5 % 22.9 %
Systemwide Comparable Sales 24.4 %
Adjusted EBITDA 20.7 (7.5 ) 2.5 15.6 -24.5 % 12.0 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin 9.4 % 8.2 %

The SLAD division’s as reported revenues decreased by 13.5% mainly due to the 59% year-over-year average depreciation of the Argentine peso, as well as the depreciation of other currencies in the division. On a constant currency basis, revenues increased 22.9% year-over-year. Systemwide comparable sales increased 24.4%, driven by average check growth and partially offset by a modest decline in traffic.

Marketing activities in the quarter included the continuation of the ClubHouse burger in the Signature Line, “Almuerzos Imperdibles” in the affordability platform, and the launch of the Angry Birds campaign. Also in the quarter, the Company launched the McFlurry Milka Nuss & Nougat Crème.

Adjusted EBITDA decreased 24.5% on an as reported basis but rose 12.0% in constant currency terms. The Adjusted EBITDA margin contracted by about 120 basis points to 8.2%, driven by higher F&P and Occupancy and Other Operating expenses, partially offset by efficiencies in Payroll costs and G&A expenses. F&P costs rose as a percentage of sales in the quarter, primarily due to certain input cost pressures and a negative shift in product mix in Argentina.

Caribbean Division

Figure 6. Caribbean Division: Key Financial Results

(In millions of U.S. dollars, except as noted)

2Q15

(a)

Currency

Translation

(b)

Constant

Currency

Growth

(c)

2Q16

(a+b+c)

% As

Reported

% Constant

Currency

Total Restaurants (Units) 355 353 -0.6 %
Total Revenues 96.1 (16.8 ) 19.4 98.7 2.7 % 20.2 %
Systemwide Comparable Sales 26.1 %
Adjusted EBITDA (0.4 ) (6.4 ) 8.3 1.5 464.0 % 2070.3 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin -0.4 % 1.5 %

The Caribbean division’s as reported revenues increased by 2.7%, as constant currency growth exceeded currency translation impacts derived from the remeasurement of the results of the Venezuelan operation at a weaker year-over-year average exchange rate, as well as the depreciation of the Colombian peso. Revenues in constant currency rose 20.2% year-over-year. Systemwide comparable sales increased by 26.1%, with average check growth more than offsetting a decrease in traffic.

Marketing initiatives in the quarter included the continuation of Almuerzos Colombianos and the ClubHouse burger from the Signature line in key markets. Also in the quarter, the Company launched the Angry Birds campaign and the McFlurry Cheesecake in the dessert category.

As reported Adjusted EBITDA totaled $1.5 million in the second quarter, compared with negative $0.4 million in the prior year quarter. The Adjusted EBITDA margin expanded to 1.5% from negative 0.4%, mainly driven by lower Payroll costs, coupled with efficiencies in Occupancy and Other Operating expenses as well as G&A.

Caribbean Division – excluding Venezuela

Figure 7. Caribbean Division – Excluding Venezuela: Key Financial Results

(In millions of U.S. dollars, except as noted)

2Q15

(a)

Currency

Translation

(b)

Constant

Currency

Growth

(c)

2Q16

(a+b+c)

% As

Reported

% Constant

Currency

Total Restaurants (Units) 221 220 -0.5 %
Total Revenues 90.5 (4.7 ) 2.9 88.7 -2.0 % 3.2 %
Systemwide Comparable Sales 2.2 %
Adjusted EBITDA 3.6 0.0 0.4 4.1 12.2 % 11.3 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin 4.0 % 4.6 %

As reported revenues in the Caribbean division, excluding Venezuela, decreased by 2.0% versus the prior-year period, mainly due to the 20% year-over-year average depreciation of the Colombian peso. Excluding currency movements, revenues increased 3.2% year-over-year, supported by the continued strong recent performance of the Colombian operation. Comparable sales increased by 2.2%, driven by traffic growth, partially offset by a modest decline in average check.

Adjusted EBITDA totaled $4.1 million, compared to $3.6 million in the same period of 2015. The Adjusted EBITDA margin expanded by about 60 basis points to 4.6%, mainly driven by efficiencies in Occupancy and Other Operating expenses, as well as Payroll, as a percentage of revenues.

New Unit Development

Figure 8. Total Restaurants (eop)*

  June  

  2016  

March

2016

December

2015

September

2015

   June   

   2015   

Brazil 884 883 883 869 871
NOLAD 516 516 518 514 511
SLAD 382 382 384 383 383
Caribbean 353 355 356 356 355
TOTAL 2,135 2,136 2,141 2,122 2,120
LTM Net Openings 15 17 20 36 45
* Considers Company-operated and franchised restaurants at period-end

The Company opened 31 new restaurants during the twelve-month period ended June 30, 2016, resulting in a total of 2,135 restaurants. Also during the period, the Company added 138 Dessert Centers bringing the total to 2,666. McCafés totaled 318 as of June 30, 2016.

Balance Sheet & Cash Flow Highlights

Cash and cash equivalents were $136.8 million at June 30, 2016. The Company’s total financial debt (including derivative instruments) was $686.8 million. Net debt was $550.0 million and the Net Debt/Adjusted EBITDA ratio was 2.3x at June 30, 2016.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $28.5 million in the second quarter of 2016, while cash used in financing activities amounted to $205.6 million. The latter included $119.9 million related to the repurchase of the BRL 2016 Notes within the tender offer announced in April 2016, as well as $80.8 million related to the repurchase of the USD 2023 Notes within the tender offer announced in June 2016. During the quarter, capital expenditures totaled $18.6 million.

Figure 9. Consolidated Financial Ratios

(In thousands of U.S. dollars, except ratios)

June 30 December 31
2016 2015
Cash & cash equivalents 136,790 112,519
Total Financial Debt (i) 686,780 650,452
Net Financial Debt (ii) 549,990 537,933
Total Financial Debt / LTM Adjusted EBITDA ratio 2.9 2.8
Net Financial Debt / LTM Adjusted EBITDA ratio 2.3 2.3
(i)Total financial debt includes short-term debt, long-term debt and derivative instruments (including the asset portion of derivatives amounting to nil and $6.7 million as a reduction of financial debt as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively).
(ii) Total financial debt less cash and cash equivalents.

First Half 2016

For the six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company’s as reported revenues declined by 12.3% to $1,345.8 million. On a constant currency basis, however, revenues grew by 13.1%. As reported Adjusted EBITDA was $89.0 million, a 7.4% increase compared to the first half of 2015. On a constant currency basis, Adjusted EBITDA increased by 50.8%. The reported Adjusted EBITDA margin expanded by 120 basis points to 6.6%, as leverage in G&A expenses and Payroll costs more than offset higher F&P costs as a percentage of revenues. First half Adjusted EBITDA benefited from G&A savings as a result of the optimization plan carried out in the fourth quarter of 2015. Additionally, Adjusted EBITDA was positively impacted by refranchising as part of the Company’s asset monetization initiative.

Year-to-date consolidated net income amounted to $59.5 million, compared with a loss of $21.3 million in the first half of 2015. The net loss in the first half of 2015 included the following impacts the Company registered in the first quarter, which resulted from the transition to the SIMADI rate in Venezuela: (i) an FX loss of $8.0 million, (ii) an impairment charge of $7.8 million, and (iii) an inventory write down of $3.3 million, among others. In addition, net income in the first half of 2016 included $53.2 million from the Company’s asset monetization initiative.

Excluding the Venezuelan operation, the Company’s revenues declined by 12.8%, but increased by 10.1% on a constant currency basis. Adjusted EBITDA declined by 1.1%, as reported, and increased by 26.4%, on a constant currency basis. The reported Adjusted EBITDA margin expanded by about 80 basis points to 6.9%, as leverage in G&A and Payroll costs more than offset higher F&P as a percentage of revenues.

During the first half of 2016, capital expenditures totaled $27.9 million.

Quarter Highlights & Recent Developments

Asset Monetization Initiative

As part of its asset monetization initiative, as of June 30, 2016, the Company had received cumulative cash proceeds of around $94.0 million, of which approximately $80.0 million were related to redevelopment and $14.0 million to refranchising.

BRL 2016 Notes

On April 8, 2016, the Company launched a cash tender offer for any and all of its outstanding 10.25% Brazilian real denominated senior 2016 Notes. As a consequence of this transaction, the Company redeemed 67.9%, or BRL 425.8 million, of the outstanding principal plus accrued and unpaid interest. The remaining BRL 201 million of outstanding principal of the 2016 Notes was paid at maturity, on July 13, 2016. Proceeds from a four-year BRL 613.9 million secured loan agreement signed by the Company’s Brazilian subsidiary on March 29, 2016 were the primary source of financing for these payments.

Tender Offer for USD 2023 Notes

On June 16, 2016, the Company announced the settlement of a cash tender offer for $80 million of its 6.625% senior notes due 2023, which was paid with asset monetization proceeds.

Revolving Credit Facility with Bank of America, N.A.

On August 1, 2016, the Company renewed the revolving credit facility with Bank of America, N.A. for up to $25 million, maturing on August 3, 2017. Under the new agreement, the Company will be required to comply with a consolidated net indebtedness to EBITDA ratio no greater than (a) 3.5x as of the last day of the fiscal quarter ended March 31 and June 30, 2016, (b) 3.25x as of the last day of the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2016, and (c) 3.0x as of the last day of the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2016 and thereafter. As of June 30, 2016, this ratio was 2.39x. For more details on the revolving credit facility with Bank of America, N.A., please refer to Note 4 of the Company’s Financial Statements filed today with the S.E.C.

Covenants under the Master Franchise Agreement (MFA)

The MFA requires the Company, among other obligations, to maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.50x, as well as a maximum leverage ratio of 4.25x. McDonald’s Corporation recently granted the Company an extension of the limited waiver through and including June 30, 2016, during which time, the Company is not required to comply with the leverage ratio set forth in the MFA.

As of June 30, 2016, the Company’s fixed charge coverage ratio was 1.64x and its leverage ratio was 4.40x.

Appointment of new Board Member

On recommendation of the Nominating Committee, the Board of Directors of Arcos Dorados Holdings, Inc. appointed Mr. Ricardo Gutiérrez Muñoz to the Board to fill a recent vacancy on the Board. Mr. Gutiérrez Muñoz joined the Board on July 1, 2016 as an independent director and will also serve on the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. He graduated with a Bachelor’s Degree in Accounting from the Instituto Politécnico Nacional (Mexico City) and a Master’s Degree in Financing from the Universidad Lasalle (Mexico City). Mr. Gutiérrez Muñoz is currently the CEO of the CP Latina Company and Chairman of the Board of Grupo Pochteca. He is also a board member of a number of other private and listed companies.

Extension of the MFA in the French Markets

The initial term of the MFA for French Guyana, Guadeloupe and Martinique was ten years through August 2, 2017 with an option to extend the agreement for these markets for an additional period of ten years, through August 2, 2027. The Company recently exercised its option to extend the MFA for these three territories.

Definitions:

Systemwide comparable sales growth: refers to the change, measured in constant currency, in our Company-operated and franchised restaurant sales in one period from a comparable period for restaurants that have been open for thirteen months or longer. While sales by our franchisees are not recorded as revenues by us, we believe the information is important in understanding our financial performance because these sales are the basis on which we calculate and record franchised revenues, and are indicative of the financial health of our franchisee base.

Constant currency basis: refers to amounts calculated using the same exchange rate over the periods under comparison to remove the effects of currency fluctuations from this trend analysis.

To better discern underlying business trends, this release uses non-GAAP financial measures that segregate year-over-year growth into two categories: (i) currency translation, (ii) constant currency growth. (i) Currency translation reflects the impact on growth of the appreciation or depreciation of the local currencies in which we conduct our business against the US dollar (the currency in which our financial statements are prepared). (ii) Constant currency growth reflects the underlying growth of the business excluding the effect from currency translation.

 

Second Quarter 2016 Consolidated Results

(In thousands of U.S. dollars, except per share data)

Figure 10. Second Quarter & First Half 2016 Consolidated Results

(In thousands of U.S. dollars, except per share data)

For Three-Months ended For Six-Months ended
June 30, June 30,
2016 2015 2016 2015
REVENUES
Sales by Company-operated restaurants 659,076 728,702 1,290,089 1,472,173
Revenues from franchised restaurants 28,225 30,299 55,726 61,886
Total Revenues 687,301 759,001 1,345,815 1,534,059
OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES
Company-operated restaurant expenses:
Food and paper (242,698 ) (260,557 ) (470,716 ) (520,018 )
Payroll and employee benefits (144,859 ) (164,742 ) (284,011 ) (336,097 )
Occupancy and other operating expenses (183,388 ) (198,587 ) (359,097 ) (404,526 )
Royalty fees (33,603 ) (37,298 ) (65,699 ) (75,300 )
Franchised restaurants – occupancy expenses (13,194 ) (13,864 ) (25,790 ) (29,090 )
General and administrative expenses (53,212 ) (67,675 ) (101,999 ) (133,146 )
Other operating income (expenses), net 47,404 (2,372 ) 47,423 (16,591 )
Total operating costs and expenses (623,550 ) (745,095 ) (1,259,889 ) (1,514,768 )
Operating income 63,751 13,906 85,926 19,291
Net interest expense (20,778 ) (16,873 ) (35,037 ) (33,197 )
Gain (Loss) from derivative instruments (37 ) (52 ) (30 ) (125 )
Foreign currency exchange results 15,487 3,686 32,206 (20,012 )
Other non-operating expense, net (592 ) (118 ) (766 ) (164 )
Income (loss) before income taxes 57,831 549 82,299 (34,207 )
Income tax (expense) benefit (14,387 ) 6,470 (22,729 ) 13,057
Net income (loss) 43,444 7,019 59,570 (21,150 )
Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests (15 ) (46 ) (77 ) (110 )
Net income (loss) attributable to Arcos Dorados Holdings Inc. 43,429 6,973 59,493 (21,260 )
Earnings (loss) per share information ($ per share):
Basic net income per common share $ 0.21 $ 0.03 $ 0.28 $ (0.10 )
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding-Basic 210,625,444 210,447,373 210,582,170 210,332,347
Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation
Operating income 63,751 13,906 85,926 19,291
Depreciation and amortization 24,403 28,164 49,590 55,860
Operating charges excluded from EBITDA computation (47,350 ) (1,016 ) (46,505 ) 7,756
Adjusted EBITDA 40,804 41,054 89,011 82,907
Adjusted EBITDA Margin as % of total revenues 5.9 % 5.4 % 6.6 % 5.4 %

Second Quarter 2016 Results by Division

(In thousands of U.S. dollars)

Figure 11. Second Quarter & First Half 2016 Consolidated Results by Division

(In thousands of U.S. dollars)

2Q 1H
Three-Months ended % Incr. Constant Six-Months ended % Incr. Constant
June 30, / Currency June 30, / Currency
2016 2015 (Decr) Incr/(Decr)% 2016 2015 (Decr) Incr/(Decr)%

Revenues

Brazil 309,436 350,844 -11.8 % 0.6 % 598,028 716,774 -16.6 % 4.5 %
Caribbean 98,697 96,126 2.7 % 20.2 % 196,286 196,708 -0.2 % 27.1 %
NOLAD 88,171 91,223 -3.3 % 4.7 % 173,460 177,766 -2.4 % 6.0 %
SLAD 190,997 220,808 -13.5 % 22.9 % 378,041 442,811 -14.6 % 23.7 %
TOTAL 687,301 759,001 -9.4 % 10.1 % 1,345,815 1,534,059 -12.3 % 13.1 %

Operating Income (loss)

Brazil 18,904 24,455 -22.7 % -11.2 % 44,360 45,783 -3.1 % 25.4 %
Caribbean (6,563 ) (7,090 ) -7.4 % -140.1 % (14,365 ) (24,604 ) 41.6 % 112.7 %
NOLAD 48,389 606 7885.0 % 9228.1 % 50,359 (587 ) 8679.0 % 9928.4 %
SLAD 12,115 16,350 -25.9 % 14.1 % 24,953 34,813 -28.3 % 11.3 %
Corporate and Other (9,094 ) (20,415 ) -55.5 % -33.5 % (19,381 ) (36,114 ) 46.3 % 19.7 %
TOTAL 63,751 13,906 358.4 % 519.6 % 85,926 19,291 345.4 % 563.4 %

Adjusted EBITDA

Brazil 30,502 39,185 -22.2 % -11.0 % 65,795 74,425 -11.6 % 13.0 %
Caribbean 1,456 (400 ) -464.0 % -2070.3 % 3,917 (3,133 ) 225.0 % 554.6 %
NOLAD 7,824 7,173 9.1 % 10.3 % 15,465 12,479 23.9 % 23.6 %
SLAD 15,595 20,660 -24.5 % 12.0 % 32,084 44,029 -27.1 % 8.9 %
Corporate and Other (14,573 ) (25,564 ) -43.0 % -27.7 % (28,250 ) (44,893 ) 37.1 % 18.3 %
TOTAL 40,804 41,054 -0.6 % 34.7 % 89,011 82,907 7.4 % 50.8 %
Figure 12. Average Exchange Rate per Quarter*
Brazil Mexico Argentina Venezuela

2Q16

3.50 18.10 14.22 453.93
2Q15 3.07 15.32 8.95 197.86
* Local $ per 1 US$

Summarized Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands of U.S. dollars)

Figure 13. Summarized Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands of U.S. dollars)

June 30 December 31
2016 2015

ASSETS

Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents 136,790 112,519
Accounts and notes receivable, net 64,434 63,348
Other current assets (1) 219,692 203,129
Total current assets 420,916 378,996
Non-current assets
Property and equipment, net 865,782 833,357
Net intangible assets and goodwill 48,296 49,486
Deferred income taxes 70,480 63,321
Other non-current assets (2) 88,083 78,042
Total non-current assets 1,072,641 1,024,206
Total assets 1,493,557 1,403,202
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities
Accounts payable 181,375 187,685
Taxes payable (3) 96,004 97,587
Accrued payroll and other liabilities 112,305 93,112
Other current liabilities (4) 23,030 30,824
Provision for contingencies 496 512
Financial debt (5) 87,472 165,866
Deferred income taxes 1,866 1,728
Total current liabilities 502,548 577,314
Non-current liabilities
Accrued payroll and other liabilities 22,005 19,381
Provision for contingencies 23,369 20,066
Financial debt (6) 599,308 491,327
Deferred income taxes 8,365 8,224
Total non-current liabilities 653,047 538,998
Total liabilities 1,155,595 1,116,312
Equity
Class A shares of common stock 373,958 371,857
Class B shares of common stock 132,915 132,915
Additional paid-in capital 12,098 12,606
Retained earnings 252,651 193,158
Accumulated other comprehensive losses (434,273 ) (424,263 )
Total Arcos Dorados Holdings Inc shareholders’ equity 337,349 286,273
Non-controlling interest in subsidiaries 613 617
Total equity 337,962 286,890
Total liabilities and equity 1,493,557 1,403,202
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